Heart Attack

A heart attack, also referred to as a myocardial infarction, occurs when the blood flow to the heart becomes blocked. This is most often caused by plaque that builds up on the walls of the coronary walls over the years. If the blood flow isn’t restored promptly, the heart muscle becomes permanently damaged due to the lack of oxygen and begins to die. The leading cause of death for men and women, heart attacks claim the lives of roughly 785,000 people a year in the U.S.

The Florida Hospital Cardiovascular Institute strives each year to ensure that all myocardial infarction patients receive the appropriate evidence based care focusing on the core measures that are publicly reported by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid as well as the Joint Commission. In 2012, we cared for more than 1,600 patients with a primary diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. 

A myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, is usually caused by a blood clot that stops the flow of blood in the artery of the heart. Blockage of a coronary artery deprives the heart of blood and oxygen. If blood is not restored within 40 to 60 minutes, the heart muscle will die, resulting in acute heart failure or death.If you experience any of the following symptoms, call 911 immediately. Chest pain or discomfort in the center of your chest that comes and goes for minutes at a time.Pain or discomfort in the upper body, including the arms, left shoulder, back, neck, jaw or stomach.Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.Sweating, a feeling of fullness, indigestion or choking, nausea or vomiting, light headedness or dizziness, extreme weakness or anxiety and rapid or irregular heartbeats.